2nd Oct 2017
Since 1960, urbanisation in Africa has soared from 15 percent to around 40 percent today. According to the UN, that figure should reach 60 percent by 2050. How and why urbanisation is taking place is paramount to the development of African economies, yet the basic facts of the process remain a puzzle to social scientists and policy-makers alike. In a recent working paper, we review the new literature on African urbanisation, attempting to sort out why it is occurring as well as key parts of the traditional urban literature that relate to Africa.
4th May 2017
Author: Sebastian Kriticos
Africa’s urbanisation is characterised by its tremendous speed and heavy concentration. Today, urban giants like Lagos and Cairo have amassed more than 20 million inhabitants, whilst other African cities such as Kinshasa, Luanda, and Dar es Salaam (all above 5 million) continue to grow at breakneck speed. How these primary cities evolve, and their influence on the rest of the urban hierarchy will have tremendous impacts for Africa’s future development.
8th Mar 2017
Author: Jamila Nigmatulina
It is often harder than it seems to measure and trace how much productivity is increasing in a place. It becomes even harder in countries where national, let alone subnational statistics, are poor. In such countries, it is already difficult to tell where people live and how fast the population is growing. It is even harder to answer relevant policy questions regarding urban planning and transportation needs. Night Lights data can potentially help us find answers to these questions.
20th Feb 2017
Africa’s urbanisation differs from historical patterns because it is occurring without a simultaneous development of land property rights. This blog examines the role of property rights in creating well-functioning cities and concludes that weak property rights in African cities are likely to be linked to reduced investment, inefficient labour allocation, and lower tax revenues.
31st Jan 2017
What determines where people live? Why are some places so densely populated and some so empty? In daily life, we take this variation in density as a matter of course, but in many ways it can be quite puzzling.
18th Nov 2016
Author: Simon Franklin
Urban jobs are key drivers of economic growth in developing countries. Finding ways to connect and match young and skilled workers with better jobs remains a key policy challenge. In Ethiopia, experiments with training and transport subsidies show great promise.
4th Nov 2016
The Uber revolution has arrived. The ride-share app launched services in South Africa, Kenya, Egypt, and more recently in Uganda and Ghana. One of the biggest potential benefits of Uber in African cities could be to provide urban planners and authorities grappling with how to manage rapid urbanisation with access to data. The app collects substantial data on ride times, routes, and estimates of the supply and demand for paid transport.